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General references about hospital in Richmond, VA during the Civil War.

These sources are either non-specific references to the hospitals in Richmond, or important sources on the general policies on the treatment of patients.

Richmond Dispatch 7/25/1861; many sick and wounded are arriving in Richmond and put in private homes for treatment - notes that they suffer "like heroes"; Committee for their reception is constantly at work
Richmond Dispatch 7/27/1861; brief description of the hospital at Mason Hall Church; also description of the "Springfield Temperance" hospital (future GH#26), in the same neighborhood; notes they are both filling up

National Archives, M437

7/27/1861; Surg. W. A. Carrington has been taken prisoner at First Manassas
Richmond Dispatch 8/1/1861; families who have sick and wounded soldiers in their homes are requested to call their family physicians or report to "hospital on 26th, near Main" (probably Ross' factory)
Richmond Dispatch 8/12/1861; editorial noting the crowded conditions in the hospitals
Richmond Enquirer 9/19/1861; addenda to the hospital list of the 17th - adds Samaritan and Gamble's Hill Hospital, both under the auspices of the YMCA
Richmond Dispatch 9/27/1861; Roger Martin's school will re-open, after its use as a hospital
Richmond Dispatch 10/2/1861; very detailed account of the ladies' & state hospitals in Richmond - gives statistics and descriptions
Richmond Dispatch 10/3/1861; 230 sick soldiers arrive from Manassas
Richmond Dispatch 10/5/1861; 100 sick soldiers arrive in the city and conveyed to the hospitals
Richmond Enquirer 10/5/1861; corrections to the statistics of the ladies’ hospitals in Richmond. Warwick House and Company G Hospital have not been keeping good books. Death rate is between 3.2 - 3.7%
Richmond Dispatch 10/7/1861; More than 100 sick arrive for hospitals via the Central railroad
Richmond Dispatch 10/11/1861; Vice President Alexander Stephens visits Georgia Hospitals daily
Richmond Dispatch 10/28/1861; New hospital is established on Clay street, between Fifth and Sixth under Mrs. Phillip Mayo
Richmond Dispatch 10/30/1861; Adv. for nurses needed at Warwick Hosp., south side of Broad betw. 23rd & 24th Sts.
Richmond Dispatch 11/8/1861; card noting that Wm. A. Carrington has his (private) office on Main street
Richmond Dispatch 1/18/1862; White woman badly burned at Church Hill hospital (unnamed)
Richmond Dispatch 2/3/1862; Geo. W. Briggs, Surgeon PACS, offers his house, corner 27 & Broad, for rent
Richmond Dispatch 2/20/1862; Hospital paymaster’s office is at the corner of Marshall and 26th
Richmond Dispatch 5/5/1862; unusually large shipments of sick soldiers taxes city transportation
Richmond Dispatch 5/6/1862; men not getting to hospitals, sleeping on streets, Libby Hill, etc.
Richmond Dispatch 5/6/1862; Oakwood filling up fast, hospitals crowded – paper suggests the hospitals are “killing off” soldiers
Richmond Dispatch 5/19/1862; W. A. W. Spotswood, Surg. CSN, having trouble organizing local CSN Hospital
Richmond Enquirer 5/31/1862; ladies of the various churches are requested to make bedding for the hospitals
Richmond Dispatch 6/2/1862; 5 surgeons shot at 7 Pines, 4 from Hatton’s Brigade
Richmond Dispatch 6/2/1862; Dr. J. H. Jones, Manchester Hosp., digs out explosive bullet from leg of soldiers
Richmond Dispatch 6/2/1862; Griswold urges all mattresses turned in for use of wounded
Richmond Dispatch 6/3/1862; Dr. E. S. Gaillard’s arm indeed amputated
Richmond Enquirer 6/3/1862; people who have beef and hog bladders are requested to send them to the hospitals to use as ice bags
Richmond Enquirer 6/3/1862; anyone with furniture wagons or buggies should bring them to the York River depot to transport the wounded
Richmond Enquirer 6/4/1862; gratuitous praise for ladies working in hospitals
Richmond Dispatch 6/4/1862; Dibrell’s Warehouse near RYRRR impressed into hospital duty
Richmond Dispatch 6/4/1862; Many churches sent pew cushions to Med. Dir
Richmond Dispatch 6/4/1862; F. Sorrell, Inspector of Hospitals, orders all patients to register
Richmond Dispatch 6/6/1862; City Arms Hotel Hosp., 15th St., established by Capt. Alexander; McDaniel’s Jail known as Castle Godwin
Richmond Dispatch 6/6/1862; List of wounded in Mrs. Jackson’s Hosp., Franklin between 4 & 5
Richmond Whig 6/10/1862; appeal for a listing of patients in Richmond - mentions the difficulty in canvassing the many hospitals and the “streets of sick and wounded” at Camp Winder and Chimborazo
Richmond Whig 6/19/1862; description of Dr. Gaillard’s wounding at the battle of Seven Pines
Richmond Enquirer 6/20/1862; Seven Pines wounded cleared from hospitals; less than 900 under treatment; mortality small; half ready for service
Richmond Dispatch 6/21/1862; editorial paragraph relating that the hospitals are beginning to empty out
Richmond Enquirer 6/26/1862; new hospitals have been opened "in the lower part of the city" in anticipation of "the next fight." Hospitals previously established have been emptied. Masons offer their lodges as hospitals, but are turned down
Richmond Dispatch 6/28/1862; editorial on hospital access. Gives anecdote about Seabrook’s
Richmond Dispatch 7/2/1862; paragraph on wounded committee & on ladies at hospitals
Richmond Dispatch 7/2/1862; ambulance committee using omnibuses from Petersburg railroads
Richmond Dispatch 7/3/1862; wounded temporarily at Old Market Hall & store of Angus & Byerly. Need attention & transfer to real hospitals
Richmond Enquirer 7/3/1862; wounded Confederates have temporarily been placed in the store of Angus & Byerly at the Old Market
Richmond Dispatch 7/4/1862; Dr. Jos. E. Clagett & E. L. Wager running the Market Hall Hospital
Richmond Dispatch 7/11/1862; shortage of night nurses at city hospitals
Richmond Dispatch 7/12/1862; 3 or 4 washerwomen needed at Dunlop & Moncure Hospital, corner 11th and Cary
Richmond Dispatch 7/15/1862; free negroes conscripted as hospital nurses – most released because they proved other employment
Richmond Enquirer 7/15/1862; many letters have been received complaining of conditions in the hospitals - call for reform
Richmond Dispatch 7/15/1862; long editorial on the hospitals
Richmond Dispatch 7/19/1862; Dunlop & Moncure hospital “in rear of American Hotel”
Richmond Dispatch 7/22/1862; Ladies at First Baptist Church Hospital thank a Mecklenburg lady for provisions
Richmond Dispatch 7/24/1862; Stores on Main Street below 14th all cleared of wounded – now empty
Richmond Dispatch 7/25/1862; Ladies of “Soldiers’ Home Hospital” thank Mrs. Jane D. Winston of Hanover County
Richmond Dispatch 7/25/1862; Wm. A. Carrington, Surgeon in charge at Richardson’s, Dooley’s & U. S. Hotel hospitals thanks donors
Richmond Whig 7/25/1862; Surg. Wm. A. Carrington, surgeon at “temporary” hospitals of Richardson’s and Dooley’s, “and now of the U. S. Hotel Hospital” gives thanks for donations
Richmond Dispatch 8/1/1862; Surgeons burning tar near hospitals to clear the air
Richmond Enquirer 8/2/1862; the hospitals on Main street are now mostly closed, with the patients sent elsewhere
Richmond Enquirer 8/2/1862; tar burning is now used to disinfect the hospitals
Richmond Dispatch 8/5/1862; Mrs. Bruce of Halifax, Va., sends supplies to Camp Winder; Mrs. Irvine of Halifax, Va., sends supplies to Centenary & Samaritan Hospitals
Richmond Dispatch 8/11/1862; Mason’s Hall Hospital on 25th Street, Union Hill
Richmond Dispatch 8/21/1862; Mayo factory on 19th between Main and Franklin
Richmond Whig

9/23/1862; hospital statistics so far for Richmond hospitals: 99,508 admitted and 7,603 died.

Richmond Enquirer 9/24/1862; dairy for the use of the Richmond hospitals is proposed - carload of cows to arrive on the Central road
Richmond Enquirer 9/26/1862; Editorial paragraph praising the Hospital Bill. Notes the surgeons are not to blame, but rather the poor system.
Richmond Enquirer 9/26/1862; excellent description of the Senate debate on the hospital bill. Praises Clopton, St. Francis de Sales, Louisiana Hospital, and Winder Hospital. Gives some statistics not available elsewhere. Generally praises hospitals run by women
Richmond Examiner 9/26/1862; Surgeon General's report on Richmond and Petersburg hospitals. Notes that, up to this time, almost 100,000 patients have been treated in Richmond hospitals. Includes mortality figures.
Richmond Enquirer 9/30/1862; Report of the Select Committee on Hospitals; reports on hospitals in Richmond and elsewhere and what to do about them - recommends reforms such as matrons, purchasing agents, and effective hospital funds. Mentions many current matrons, including S. L. Tompkins, Mrs. Clopton, Mrs. Hopkins, several heretofore unknown matrons at Winder Hospital, and many others. Gives statistics of Winder and Chimborazo Hospitals. Excellent article.
Richmond Dispatch 10/22/1862; Mitchell & McCarthy, lumber dealers, adv for 10 or 12 carpenters “to work on hospitals”
Richmond Dispatch 11/24/1862; nurses and laundresses needed at a C. S. smallpox hospital, presumably in Richmond.
Richmond Dispatch 12/9/1862; City Council: discusses CSA smallpox hospital, now near corner 25th & Cary; 798 kegs of powder in city magazine; sells settees from Mechanics’ Hall to Govt., for use of patients at Chimborazo Hospital
Richmond Enquirer 12/31/1862; excellent account of the Christmas dinner at Div. 1, Winder Hospital sponsored by the matron, Mrs. Mason. Also notes the kind treatment of patients by the matrons at the Banner Hospital. Praises the hospital bill and its provisions for matrons
Report of Hospital Committee 1862; Congressional report describing the Richmond hospital system. Notes that State hospitals are superior to the Government ones. Describes the "Bird's Island Hospital" as "obnoxious," but describes the General Hospital, Banner Hospital, and Royster's factory favorably. Says that Royster's is a "model of neatness." Also comments negatively on the system of furloughs and discharges
M437, Reel 87 3/26/1863; letter from Surgeon General Moore arguing against Wm. A. Carrington's assignment as Medical Director
National Archives, RG 109, Ch. 6, Vol. 708, p. 112 4/20/1863; Medical Directors office has been moved - it is now two doors from the Mechanics' Institute
RG 109, Ch. 6, Vol. 7, no page 9/28/1863; Medical Director's Office has been moved to "new government building" at 10th and Broad; wayside hospital has been transferred to the Engineer bureau - henceforth General Hospital #9 will be known as the Receiving and Way Hospital
Richmond Whig 2/24/1864; lamentation that the Confederate Government will not give the Alms House back to the city. Notes that "Chimborazo, Camp Winder, Howard’s Grove, etc., afford ample room for all the sick and wounded soldiers brought to this military department" and if they fill up, there are many other places to put the patients
Richmond Whig 4/29/1864; Richmond hospitals are said to send all the patients to Petersburg, and to clean out all the hospitals in preparation for the spring campaign
Richmond Sentinel 5/21/1864; William Carrington advertises for the services of qualified physicians in all the hospitals in Virginia
Richmond Whig 5/26/1864; praise of Chimborazo, Winder, Jackson and Howard’s Grove Hospitals, and states that there is ample space in those hospitals to accommodate any contingency; criticizes an unnamed hospital for lack of attention to patients
Richmond Sentinel 6/7/1864; many patients in hospitals cannot be furloughed because their homes are in Yankee hands; those along the canal are requested to take them.
Richmond Dispatch 6/1/1889; obituary notice for Samuel P. Moore, former Surgeon-General of the Confederacy

Page last updated on 07/01/2008