Added January 2004

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Added January 23, 2004

New York Times 2/11/1891; part two of serialized account of life in Libby. Important description of the layout of the prison, and notes that the western armies and the Army of the Potomac segregated themselves within the prison. Gives great details of some of the prisoners there, including Neal Dow, Sawyer and Flynn.
New York Times 2/22/1891; part three of serialized account of life in Libby. Notes on various ways prisoners attempted to escape, the Confederate preachers who came there, the fact that prisoners could see the men at Pemberton, but could not communicate with them, and some of the chess matches that took place in prison.
New York Times 3/1/1891; part four of serialized account of life in Libby. Notes that 1864 began poorly - the Confederates cut off supplies from the North in order to compel the US Government to resume exchanges; author went to Belle Isle to help distribute last batch of supplies; mentions Castle Thunder; he was glad to be in Libby rather than Belle Isle - notes on the "dog-slaying incident" and confirms it. Further notes the presence of negroes on Belle Isle and their negative treatment by their fellow prisoners. Describes Gen. J. H. Morgan's visit to Libby and begins description of the Libby tunnel and says he was one of the diggers.
New York Times 3/8/1891; part five of serialized account of life in Libby. Gives a description of the lighter side of Libby life: mentions the "Libby Minstrels" and their performances as well as mock trials that took place in prison. Notes the shooting of two prisoners by the guard (one of whom died, named Forsyth) and the Ross and Latouche would change their money at the rate of 15 or 20 to one. Also describes prison sutlers and a raid upon them as well as the depth of hunger within the prison.
New York Times 3/15/1891; part six of serialized account of life in Libby. Description of the digging and escape through the Libby tunnel; notes that he was one of the ones who raised the cry of "guards!" to get the crowd to thin out. Further relates his overland journey towards the Chickhominy and encountering rebel earthworks on the outskirts of Richmond, unmanned and with the bombproofs open.
National Tribune 4/27/1899; "Doc" Aubrey's account of imprisonment in Libby - just a boy at the time, he was captured trying to sell newspapers to the army. T. P. Turner took interest in him, put his money in the safe in his office, and tells him to get the money on his return. Very positive portrayal - nothing sensational.
National Tribune 5/4/1899; continuation of Aubrey's account of life in Libby - further mention of T. P. Turner, and notes that he returned his hard-earned money to him upon release. Unique for its positive portrayal of Turner.
National Tribune 8/9/1900; Part one of Silas Crocker's serialized account of life in Libby - relates the stock story of money stealing by Dick Turner and mentions a sergeant beating a man who would not give up his ring.
National Tribune 4/18/1901; description of life in Pemberton Prison in 1865. Notes that Dick Turner was in charge there, and gives some examples of his cruelty
Richmond Dispatch 12/7/1901; notes on the death of Richard R. Turner in Isle of Wight County and gives some details of his life
National Tribune 10/23/1902; Capt. Beecham's good, but very bitter, account of life on Belle Isle after Gettysburg. Includes a copy of an article from Jackson Warner, Commissary in Richmond denying that prisoners were starved: he says that they were as well fed as Confederate soldiers. Of course the author disagrees with him. Author was on Belle Isle for 15 days.
National Tribune 11/27/1902; interesting account of mail distribution in Libby
National Tribune 1/29/1903; takes up account of Belle Isle where Beecham left off (NT 10/23/1902); describes the moving of prisoners to Andersonville and the trick that the Confederates played to get the prisoners to get off the island.
National Tribune 4/30/1903; soldier corroborates account of breaking open the doors of Libby upon the evacuation of Richmond; also relates his imprisonment in Libby and Belle Isle; relates the cruelty of the doctor on Belle Isle, and the kindness of another doctor who took him to a hospital in Richmond. Mentions having witnessed the bread riot, but cannot be telling the truth, because he was captured in 1864
National Tribune 8/13/1903; description of Belle Isle in 1862; described badly, but notes that "that prison had not yet become noted for atrocities that distinguished it later," and there were 3,000 to 4,000 prisoners there at the time
National Tribune 9/3/1903; description of life on Belle Isle after Gettysburg. Describes Bossieux stealing money from the prisoners, and mentions being in charge of a bathing detail in the river - only 40 were supposed to go out at a time, but the author let out many more. Also mentions that he was later put on commissary detail, going by boat to Richmond to get the rations
National Tribune 10/15/1903; diary entry describes Dick Turner stealing money from the prisoners at Pemberton Prison; mentions Libby.
National Tribune 12/31/1903; author asks some leading questions: Why was the cook house on Belle Isle below the sinks? Where are the Germans [emphasis] who ate the Lieutenant's Dog? Also notes that he took the paw of the dog out of prison.
National Tribune 4/7/1904; brief description of the author's captivity in Libby, and the state of finances in Richmond - author relates that he was able to exchange $10 for $100 CSA and buy goods with it. Also notes that the guards occasionally allowed this practice through the windows.
National Tribune 9/15/1904; poem written by Col. Bartleson (KIA at Wilderness) on the wall of Libby Prison

Added January 22, 2004

Richmond Sentinel 5/2/1864; Jefferson Davis's son Joseph is killed in a fall from a balcony of the White House of the Confederacy
Richmond Sentinel 5/2/1864; 380 paroled Confederates arrive at Rocketts - officers are taken to the Officer's Hospital (GH#4) and enlisted men are taken to Chimborazo
Richmond Sentinel 5/2/1864; Dr. Mary Walker's appearance in Richmond causes quite an excitement - she is taken to Gen. Winder's office, then to Castle Thunder.
Richmond Sentinel 5/5/1864; 12,268 Yankee prisoners in all the CSA; 1,943 are at Libby
Richmond Sentinel 5/17/1864; list of 14 officers captured at Drewry's Bluff (including General Heckman) who were brought to Libby yesterday
Richmond Sentinel 5/17/1864; while men are manning the defenses, Howard's Grove, Jackson, Winder, and the Receiving Hospital (Seabrook's) need ladies or servants to serve as nurses
Richmond Sentinel 5/19/1864; over 1100 Yankees captured on the southside had come into Libby as of last night
Richmond Sentinel 5/21/1864; William Carrington advertises for the services of qualified physicians in all the hospitals in Virginia
Richmond Sentinel 6/1/1864; 200 prisoners, taken at Atlee's, were brought to Libby yesterday
Richmond Sentinel 6/4/1864; city was awakened by the sounds of the Battle of Cold Harbor yesterday; gives general description of the battle; estimates at least 10,000 Union casualties and very slight Confederate casualties
Brown Memoir - Garnett 8/4/1868; notes on a post-war meeting with Dr. A. Y. P. Garnett; Garnett says many "officers of high rank" tried to get him to talk to Pres. Davis on their behalf because he had "the President's ear." Garnett also says that Davis was very slow at making decisions. Describes Garnett as "a good-natured, gentlemanly, garrulous man, barely above mediocrity, if not below it" and notes that his patients at Robertson got little of his attention - he was too powerful to be removed, however.
National Tribune 1/29/1885; letter disputing Col. Streight's claim of being responsible for the tunnel out of Libby Prison - gives list of the known working party
National Tribune 4/11/1901; former prisoner at Belle Isle describes the cold winter of 1863-64 and mentions the rations coming to the island via barge from the north bank
National Tribune 9/19/1901; brief article describing the author's reception at Libby, and being bayonetted by a guard while there
National Tribune 10/30/1902; letter describes the fire in Richmond threatening Libby Prison and Castle Thunder, and the author broke open the door to let prisoners out.
National Tribune 4/16/1903; further information on the "battle of the gate" at Belle Isle - the red-headed Sergeant was named Hite, and a deserter from the Union army. Describes his various acts of cruelty, including his use of a wooden horse for punishment. Mentions not being fed on New Year's Day, 1864, as well as the scarcity of coffins during this period. Asks if anyone remembers the killing of the Lt.'s dog.
National Tribune 6/25/1903; more on the dog-slaying incident at Belle Isle
National Tribune 7/30/1903; letter from a soldier in Libby Prison mentioning the dearth of food for the prisoners
National Tribune 1/7/1904; former prisoner at Pemberton and Belle Isle says that Belle Isle was worse than Andersonville, and that dead prisoners would be frozen stiff to the ground
National Tribune 5/19/1904; brief letter describing imprisonment in Pemberton Prison and Belle Isle from late 1862 to early 1864. Mentions a one-eyed guard named Sgt. Marks who clubbed prisoners, and Lieut. Bossieux being in charge of Belle Isle.
National Tribune 8/11/1904; letter of a Gettysburg prisoner who spent six weeks in Belle Isle. Mentions a soldier taking the oath of allegiance to the CSA, and that a large party escaped on Aug. 12, along with several guards from the 42nd NC. Also mentions prisoners working for the rebels, who paid them with extra rations.
National Tribune 3/8/1906; I. N. Johnson, one of the Libby tunnelers, is looking for the addresses of several of the others in the tunnel party, and gives a partial list.
National Tribune 6/28/1906; man claims to be the one that caught and killed the dog at Belle Isle and ate it.
Richmond Times-Dispatch 12/5/1909; excellent reminiscence of the fall of Richmond
The Selling of Libby Prison 11/1994; American Heritage: "The Selling of Libby Prison;" outstanding article describing the selling of Libby Prison and move to Chicago.



Page last updated on 02/08/2008